1960’s Italian American Radicals vs. Black Panthers
Joe Columbo formed the Italian American Civil Rights' League which teamed up with
Meir Kahane's JDL against black radicals.
However, Meir Kahane put some distance between himself as Michael Imperiale who
he saw as a racist. Michael Imperiale was the founder of the "North Ward First Aid Squad" an accused vigilante group, which was active during the 1967 Newark Riots.